New coral life is booming in the Gulf of Mexico. Scientists found out five new coral reefs forming – now known as coral reef corridor. The staff of scientists from the University of Veracruz and Mexico’s National Institute of Technology introduced their findings earlier this month, reminding us there’s nonetheless a lot we don’t know about the underwater world.
The five coral reefs— Corazones, Pantepec South, Piedras Altas, Los Gallos, and Camaronera—be part of a lot of other reefs to make up the Reef Corridor of the Southwest Gulf of Mexico, which stretches from near the Tamiahua Lagoonin the state of Veracruz into the Gulf. The scientists have speculated about the existence of the hall for years, and this discovery confirms it. This hall stretches at the very least 310 miles, mentioned Leonardo Ortiz Lozano, a researcher with the University of Veracruz who discovered Ana Gutierrez of the National Institute of Technology.
This hall provides incredible biological productivity for this area, Ortiz told Earther. The reefs supply habitat for plenty of species, fueling an extremely biodiverse ecosystem. The area is currently unprotected; however, the scientists who found the hall need to change that before the oil and gas industry strikes into this part of the Gulf.
This group of researchers is now working to protect the corridor in coordination with the Mexican Center for Environmental Law. The fishing trade and sedimentation from runoff are threatening the reefs, but the ecologists are aware of creating protections that won’t sacrifice the nicely-being of the fishing trade that’s constructed a dependence on the thriving ecosystem, which includes sponges, crustaceans, sea turtles, and sharks.
Moreover, of course, the threat of climate change is looming over coral reefs; many are already feeling its impacts around the world. Warmer waters have brought about waves of coral bleaching within the Gulf of Mexico. When corals bleach, they expel algae (the first supply of meals) as a response to the added stress. In other words, they mostly die.
Currently, these new reefs are scattered inside and out of doors of protected areas. Organizing protections for all the reefs is a big first step to making sure they survive.